Living with Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy
Diabetic neuropathy is a complication of diabetes that
results from uncontrolled, high blood sugar levels. The
disorder typically occurs over a long period of time, as
high blood sugars gradually damage nerve cells within
the body. Peripheral neuropathy most commonly affects
the hands and feet, resulting in numbness, tingling or
pain. If left uncontrolled, neuropathy can affect other
major, internal organs in the body such as the heart and
Certain prescription medications may help restore
function or slow progression of neuropathy. Anti-seizure
medications such as gabapentin (Neurontin) and
pregabalin (Lyrica) help relieve nerve pain by
relaxing the body. Antidepressants such as amitriptyline
(Elavil) or duloxetine (Cymbalta) may also
help decrease symptoms by blocking the transfer of
certain pain signals in the brain. Both classes of
medications may cause drowsiness and dizziness as side
Management of Travelerís Diarrhea
Travelerís diarrhea (TD) is an infection of the
intestines that happens during, or shortly after a trip
to a foreign country. The infection is often a result of
unsanitary conditions in local restaurants, such as
unclean or contaminated cooking utensils. The most
common bacteria that causes the infection is
Escherichia coli (E. coli). In addition to
frequent diarrhea, symptoms may include stomach cramps
Antibiotics work by killing bacteria that may have
invaded the digestive tract. Commonly prescribed
antibiotics are the drugs levofloxacin (Levaquin)
and ciprofloxacin (Cipro). For relief from
diarrhea, Loperamide (Imodium) may be used. It
works by slowing digestion and decreasing the number of
bowel movements. Frequent diarrhea may also cause
dehydration, in which case oral preparations such as
Pedialyte (various electrolytes and nutrients) may
be obtained over-the-counter to replace lost fluids.
Living with Endometriosis
Endometriosis is a condition that may involve the
ovaries, fallopian tubes, or tissue around the pelvis.
With this condition, the tissue that usually lines the
inside of the uterus grows outside of the uterus. It may
be caused by the flow of menstrual blood through the
fallopian tubes and pelvis instead of out of the body.
Endometriosis may also be caused by an immune system
disorder that keeps the body from destroying the tissue
outside of the uterus. Symptoms of endometriosis may
include painful periods and diarrhea.
Medications that can decrease pain or slow endometrial
tissue growth may be used to manage this condition.
Naproxen (Aleve) may be used to ease the pain of
menstrual cramps. Side effects may include nausea. To
block the growth of endometrial tissue, danazol (Danocrine)
may also be used. Danazol may also prevent menstruation
and the symptoms of endometriosis. Side effects of
danazol include flushing.
Managing a Fever
A fever is a short-term increase in the bodyís normal
temperature, which is usually 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit.
It occurs when an area in the brain called the
hypothalamus sends signals to increase the bodyís
temperature. A fever may be caused by a virus, a
bacterial infection, or an inflammatory condition.
Symptoms of a fever may include a temperature above
normal range, sweating, shivering, muscle aches,
hallucinations, and dehydration.
Medications that lower the bodyís temperature or treat
infections may be used to manage a fever. Acetaminophen
(Tylenol) or Ibuprofen (Advil) help to
decrease body temperature. Side effects of acetaminophen
may include itching or redness. Side effects of
ibuprofen may include an upset stomach. If a fever is
caused by a bacterial infection, an antibiotic such as
amoxicillin (Amoxil) may be chosen by a
healthcare professional. Antibiotics work to kill the
bacteria causing the fever. Side effects of amoxicillin
include upset stomach.